Explanation: Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. Historians Shams-i-Siraj gives a long list of buildings of Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq. In other words we can also say that Adilabad was merely an outwork of the larger city of Tughlaqabad and was almost identical with it in style. [15][unreliable source?]. Juna khan took up the title of muhammad Tughluq. He constructed many Cities, Palaces, Madrasas, Mosques, Hospitals, Tombs, Bridges, Canals, and Baths. By around the same year, Tughluq summoned all the slaves, nobles, servants, ulema, sufis to the new capital. It is believed that the general public of Delhi was not in favor of shifting the base to Daulatabad. [56] [82] The Tughlaq's had attempted to manage their expanded empire by appointing family members and Muslim aristocracy as na'ib (نائب) of Iqta' (farming provinces, اقطاع) under contract. Supressed the rebellions in the distant provinces with strong hand and resorted the peace and order 3. While Rana Hammir Singh liberated the strategic Rajputana following the victory in Battle of Singoli in 1336,[19] Harihara and Bukka established a new empire called Vijayanagara Empire, by initially defeating and later ending Madurai Sultanate that was ruling a major part of South India on behalf of Delhi Sultanate, thereby reviving the prosperity of Sangam era in South India. Besides, it is believed that only the powerful and nobility suffered hardships if any. Prithvi Chand II of the Hindu Katoch kingdom of Kangra defeated the army of Muhammad bin Tughluq which was not able to fight in the hills. [16], In 1334 there was a rebellion in Mabar. While on his way to suppress the rebellion, there was an outbreak of bubonic plague at Bidar due to which Tughluq himself became ill, and many of his soldiers died. Moreover, coins minted in Daulatabad around 1333, showed that Daulatabad was "the second capital". (if) Madrasa in Hauz-i-Khas and Kotla Firozshah: The best specimen of his buildings is the Madrasa in Hauz-i-Khas and Kotla Firozshah. [4] Muhammad has been described as an "inhuman eccentric" with bizarre character by the accounts of visitors during his rule. 1.Transfer of Capital (1327): Muhammad bin Tughlaq wanted to make Devagiri (also known as Deogir) his second capital so that he might be able to control South India better. He ruled from 1324 to 1351 AD. In the conquered territories, Tughluq created a new set of revenue officials to assess the financial aspects of the area. A well-read scholar of the arts, theology, and philosophy, a brilliant calligraphist, a mystic, as well as a poet, it is the 'madness' that earned him the epithet 'Mad Muhammad', that Karnad explores in the play. Kala Masjid is in Shahjahanabad, famous for its strength, domed roof and four ‘Burz’ on its four corners. Grants were also given by Tughluq to the immigrants. Muhammad bin Tughlaq himself had spent a number of years as a prince on campaign in the southern states during the reign of his father. Mohammad Tughlaq constructed the cities of Firozabad, Fatehabad, Hissar, Jaunpur etc. Towards the end of Firoz Shah Tughlaq’s reign was constructed the Tomb of Saint Kabruddin Aulia in the style of Tomb of Gayasuddin Tughlaq with emphasis being placed on decoration as well. Muhammad bin Tughluq died in 1351 on his way to Thatta, Sindh while he was campaigning in Sindh against Taghi, a Turkish slave tribe. There was also a double-storied bridge of seven spans, with subsidiary arches and a tower at each end, which served as a regulator for drawing off the waters of a lake inside the walls. MUHAMMAD-BIN- TUGHLUQ Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq or Ghazi Malik was the founder of the Tughluq dynasty. In his reign, he conquered Warangal (in present-day Telangana, India) Malabar and Madurai (Tamil Nadu, India), and areas up to the modern day southern tip of the Indian state of Karnataka. [24] Even though he did not believe in mysticism, Chandra states that he respected the Sufi saints, which is evident from the fact of his building of the mausoleum of the saint Nizamuddin Auliya at Nizamuddin Dargah. He was born in Multan. Nearly all his 10,000 soldiers perished and were forced to retreat.[10]. He was the eldest son of Ghiyas -ud -Din -Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughluq dynasty. Firoz Shah Tughlaq was very fond of architecture. Muhammad bin Tughlaq realized the importance of a strong and powerful army to strengthen and secure the position of the ruler. It has a huge and strong main gateway where probably city guards lived. As a result of misguided administrative actions and unexampled severity toward his opponents, he eventually lost his authority in the south. Akbar. One was from Rajputs led by Hammir Singh of Mewar,[18] and the other from Harihara and Bukka of South India. A short description of some main buildings constructed by Firoz Shah Tughlaq is given below: Mohammad Tughlaq constructed the cities of Firozabad, Fatehabad, Hissar, Jaunpur etc. In it also there is beautiful use of red-stones and marble. The area of Firozshah Kotla is double that of Shahjananabad. It is a square building whose walls is very strong and is decorated with various flowers, leaves etc. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. He built schools, hospitals, river canals, reservoirs, rest houses among other things. Therefore, he decided to disperse and dissolve the soldiers in 1329. (if) Madrasa in Hauz-i-Khas and Kotla Firozshah: The best specimen of his buildings is the Madrasa in Hauz-i-Khas and Kotla Firozshah. [7], Although this decision was unpopular among the Muslim elite, one impact of this decision was that Islamic rule in Deccan lasted centuries longer than the Delhi's own unstable authority over the south. He was a profound scholar of Persian, a penetrating critic, a litterateur of repute. In his time uncared stones were used in large quantity as a result of which buildings lack beauty of architecture. If not for Tughlaq's creation of a Muslim elite at Daulatabad, there would have been no stable Muslim power like the Bahmani empire to check the rising power of the Hindu Vijayanagaris. Their accounts helped the audit in the office of the Among the buildings of Firoz Shah Tughlaq his tomb is also famous. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Thousands of people including women and children died during the journey. A controversial ruler with a unique streak of intellectual creativity, Muhammad bin Tughlaq was one of the few Muhammad bin Tughluq (also Prince Fakhr Malik Jauna Khan, Ulugh Khan; died 20 March 1351) was the Sultan of Delhi from 1325 to 1351. Barani has written that Tughluq took no step to check the ability of the soldiers or the brand of horses. During the time of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, the characteristics of Tughlaq architecture, the real reclining walls, were abandoned completely. Achievements of Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq 1. 2. Two Sanskrit inscriptions dated 1327 and 1328 A.D. confirm this view and establish the prosperity of the Hindus of Delhi and its vicinity at that time. [11] another inhuman eccentricity is that decided to transfer his capital from Delhi to Devagiri, which are 600 miles apart, he then ordered the people to move back to Delhi. Partly with their help and partly from his own kingdom, Tughluq raised an army of possibly up to 370,000 soldiers in 1329. 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