Follow these steps for planting asparagus: - Apply recommended amounts of lime and fertilizer to the asparagus bed. Using Organic Fertilizer. If you need further assistance, we're always eager to help. Fertilizer Giving your asparagus just the regular doses of nitrogen and potassium is great for certain periods of its growth, but it will need other trace elements found in organic compost material. I usually recommend triple super phosphate, also known as 0-46-0, if you are going to use dry fertilizer. Once asparagus plants reach their third year, you can harvest them fully every year, usually over a period of at least two months. Fertilizing Asparagus Plants. Use this soil to backfill the trench to a depth of two inches. But since a slight excess of potassium will not injure plants, it is generally best to use a complete fertilizer. Follow these steps for planting asparagus: - Apply recommended amounts of lime and fertilizer to the asparagus bed. Typical garden fertilizer rate for asparagus is 1 to 1.5 pounds (10-10-10) per 100 square feet before planting. Use it prior to planting crowns and with annual top dressings. A hose-end sprayer is often useful for this and the fertilizer should be mixed according to the manufacturer's instructions. In borders, they should be fertilized with a balanced fertilizer, equal parts of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous. A balanced fertilizer works best for asparagus in the early spring, before shoots emerge, according to the Iowa State University Extension. The border between this row of asparagus and the adjacent lawn is tilled throughout the season, every 3-4 weeks to prevent grasses and other weeds from creeping in and taking over the planting. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) is a favorite home garden vegetable throughout Kansas. Answer: Asparagus is a hardy perennial. An application of 1 to 1.5 pounds of an all-purpose garden fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, per 100 square feet should be adequate. This can be done through homemade compost through organic material. Asparagus is a heavy feeder, and you should also give it a dose of fertilizer in mid-spring when it is actively growing. Soil Preparation for Asparagus Plants Preparing your soil before you plant will greatly improve your plant’s performance and promote healthy, vigorous growth. It is not only well suited for fresh use but also 7. For nitrogen, (N) approximately 1/3 to 1/2 of the recommended rate should … Asparagus is a hardy perennial vegetable that lasts up to two or three decades in a planned and well-maintained garden, according to University of Illinois Extension. submitted by Sarah Browning, UNL Extension Educator. Fertilizer can burn tender roots if they touch directly. Water and allow the bed to drain. Apply nitrogen at least twice a year - once in the spring when growth begins and again at the end of harvest season. Since asparagus is a perennial crop, it's not possible for home gardeners to till or plow the planting area to eliminate weeds. For ideal growing, asparagus trenches should be four feet apart. Pest & Disease Control for Asparagus Plants. It is not only well suited for fresh use but also Use slow release fertilizer for best results. 6. As the oldest continually operating nursery in the country, we've curated a time-tested collection of over 300 unique varieties of fruit trees, nut trees and berry plants. Do not use lawn fertilizers on vegetable gardens. All Rights Reserved. The fertilizer should be applied in the fall even before planting in the spring. Depending on the fertilizer type, you may have to fertilize once every two or three weeks. It is a good idea to have your soil tested to determine if it is lacking in any essential minerals and nutrients. Weeding- To avoid accidentally breaking off spears, weed each spring before the first shoots come up. How often you fertilize your plants depends on their age and the season. How Do I Use Horse Manure as Fertilizer? Use it prior to planting crowns and with annual top dressings. In most cases, an all-purpose, 5-5-5 fertilizer will provide the nutrients all plants need for healthy growth. If you are not receiving adequate rainfall you will need to water. We love to keep in touch with our customers and talk about what's happening each season at Stark Bro's. In very warm regions, asparagus should be planted in the fall or winter. Since the asparagus is different when it comes to other types of vegetables which is why it is important that you are not over fertilizing the plants. You'll find answers to many questions on our FAQ page. What is the best fertilizer for asparagus? This will lessen the chances of fungal diseases overwintering in the foliage. So, in the fall, add 8 to 10 pounds of the 5 … All fertilizer should be mixed thoroughly into the soil prior to digging the hole and planting. All fertilizer should be mixed thoroughly into the soil prior to digging the hole and planting. Asparagus is no different, despite the fact that it’s unique. Do not allow the roots to dry out. How to Choose a Fertilizer. Nitrogen fertilizer works best when applied in June after harvesting ends. Do not make more than 1 application per year. Lay the roots flat on either side of the crown and cover all with two inches of soil. encourage maximum fern growth so that. Mature plants will begin sending up shoots in early spring, and continue doing so well into summer, depending on your climate. When this happens, delicious asparagus will be … Asparagus is a hardy perennial vegetable that lasts up to two or three decades in a planned and well-maintained garden, according to University of Illinois Extension. UC Davis suggests a trench eight inches deep, and the University of Missouri recommends a six inch depth. Here’s a great organic fertilizer option for asparagus. Asparagus responds to manures. Fertilizer When preparing your asparagus bed, add compost and an all-purpose organic fertilizer to the trench, as well as rock phosphate, a natural mineral powder that promotes root growth. Fertilize your plant every 3-4 weeks between March and November and water your fern 1-2 times a week, or whenever the soil feels dry to the touch. In very warm regions, asparagus should be planted in the fall or winter. Soil Preparation for Asparagus Plants Preparing your soil before you plant will greatly improve your plant’s performance and promote healthy, vigorous growth. Asparagus will. The fertilizer we most recommend for asparagus is Osmocote Flower and Vegetable Smart-Release Plant Food . In mild climates, the root crowns of asparagus need no special winter care, but in cooler regions, winterizing the asparagus bed is a must. Prepping asparagus beds for winter will protect the roots from the cold and encourage the plants to go dormant, allowing the plant to rest before its next growth phase in the spring. Should I put fertilizer (granular or otherwise) in the hole at planting time? A little phosphate fertilizer should be put in the trenches before the crowns are set. If the lawn appears vigorous and healthy at that time, delay the first application until May. You should also put in mind that during the fern stage of the asparagus, they do not do well with nitrogen, so avoiding this is essential. Asparagus grows the best when organic fertilizer is applied to the soil. Asparagus is usually planted in the form of bare-root crowns. Although there is no set amount of fertilizer you should give your plants, there is a general rule of thumb. Your asparagus fern plants will appreciate fertilizer during the growing season. The first 3 years in spring, apply a well-balanced fertilizer. Asparagus can also be fertilized after the last harvest in June. A growing legacy since 1816. Allow 12” to … However, well-aged manure, or that which has been allowed to dry over winter, can be worked into the soil without the worry of burning. Water Utilization. For asparagus, have your soil tested to determine phosphorus and potassium needs. Lay the roots flat on either side of the crown and cover all with two inches of soil. The key to soil for asparagus is drainage. Because of the changing variety picture, growers should seek out the latest information before planting a new field. Fertilizers. Caution should be used with poultry manure as excess nitrogen may be detrimental. & How To Cut Down Asparagus Plants. used to determine needs for lime, phosphorus, and potassium. Asparagus usually likes a balanced fertilizer of 5-10-10 or 8-24-24. The best fertilizer for grass will promote healthy turf and minimize weed and pest issues with a thick mat that resists these problems. Proper care for asparagus includes annual fertilization with the best type of fertilizer. You can apply a balanced, slow-release granular fertilizer at the beginning of spring, summer, and fall to provide plenty of nutrients. Growers considering adding asparagus to their farm should develop a plan a year ahead of time and prepare the field. Younger plants often require more fertilizer to get strong. Mound the soil to the side of each trench, as it will be used to back-fill as the asparagus grow. Cut stalks off at ground level with a pair of clippers or gardening snips. Allow 12” to 14” between crowns and four feet between rows. UC Davis suggests a trench eight inches deep, and the University of Missouri recommends a six inch depth. If you harvest asparagus during the first year, pick only a few spears to allow the remaining spears to grow … Fertilizer. Link to Asparagus Bulletin Contents. Hopefully, getting your hands dirty with the soil (and other soil enhancers like fertilizer) will help you make watering your plants common gardening practice sooner than later. To care for an asparagus fern, place it in a location that where it can grow at least 4 high and 3 feet wide. The second year after planting, the asparagus should receive fertilizer in the early spring and late summer. For a complete background on how to grow asparagus plants, we recommend starting from the beginning. Fertilizer can burn tender roots if they touch directly. Before Harvesting Plants are set out in trenches dug to a depth of 6-8 inches and spaced 2-4 feet apart, in the prepared soil bed. All lime and fertilizer materials should be thoroughly incorporated into the soil to a depth of 10 to 12 inches before planting. These three numbers indicate the amount of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium that are contained in that particular fertilizer, respectively. Locate asparagus along the back or side of your garden, as 5-foot-tall asparagus fronds will shade any nearby plants. Not only does it contribute nutrients but also significant organic matter to the soil. Asparagus ferns do best when soil is rich in organic matter. Then place the asparagus crowns at the bottom of the trench, spreading out the roots around the central crown, and making sure the bud side of … If a soil test reveals certain nutrient deficiencies, or if you want to tailor your fertilizer to the needs of particular plants (tomatoes vs. flowers), you can select a special formulation. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Iowa State University Extension: Asparagus Questions, University of Illinois Extension: Asparagus, Purdue University Extension: Growing Asparagus in the Home Garden, Arizona Cooperative Extension: Growing Asparagus, Harvest to Table: Asparagus Growing and Care Calendar, Ohio State University Extension: Growing Asparagus In The Home Garden, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: Answers to Frequently Asked Asparagus Questions, NC State University Extension: Home Garden Asparagus Production. For asparagus, have your soil tested to determine phosphorus and potassium needs. grows best at a pH of 6.5-7.0. not tolerate extreme acid soil conditions and. These are 1-year-old clumps of roots with dormant buds that can be planted directly in the garden. Strongly acid soils should be limed according to recommendations. 7. Some soils have enough potassium for good plant growth and don’t need more. Prepare your planting bed for asparagus in the fall. Asparagus can be propagated by cloning, but varieties developed from this procedure need more research before they can be recommended for commercial production. should be 6 to 8 inches below the normal soil surface. - Rototill into the soil. If your soil is low in nitrogen and high in phosphorus you should use something like a 20-0-5 fertilizer for all of your plants no matter what type they are. The Best Fruit-Tree Varieties for Organic Growing. - Rototill into the soil. Nitrogen should be added after planting, once the crowns begin growing. During the production period, pull weeds rather than using a hoe. Subsequent feedings should occur every 6-8 weeks after that until November hits. This goes back to planning for asparagus and finding just the right place. Starting the fourth year, delay application until June or July (immediately after harvest). (A $50 surcharge will be added for shipments to Alaska. Be careful that the fertilizer you use does not also have enough potassium or nitrogen to burn the crown. It is a good idea to have your soil tested to determine if it is lacking in any essential minerals and nutrients. These are 1-year-old clumps of roots with dormant buds that can be planted directly in the garden. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If I can’t plant my asparagus right away, how do I store them? Asparagus can be propagated by cloning, but varieties developed from this procedure need more research before they can be recommended for commercial production. These fertilizers generally are easy to find. ), A Note from Stark Bro's on Coronavirus (COVID-19) ». The objective. email this page to a friend. Mulch heavily around the plant to conserve soil moisture and reduce weed growth. Asparagus responds to manures. A 5-10-10 or 8-24-24 fertilizer formula will work well. Fertilizer This spot should be between 50 to 75ºF and get sunlight in the mornings. The best fertilizer for asparagus ferns should be rich in organic matter and should have equal nitrogen (N) phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) ratios. Asparagus Weed Control. These nutrients will help your asparagus develop a good, strong root system. The beds should be deeply dug with lots of organic material added and with a pH 6.0-7.5. In the absence of a soil test report, the typical garden fertilizer rate for asparagus is to apply 1 to 1.5 pounds of a 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus, and 10% potassium fertilizer (10-10-10) per 100 square feet before planting. The key to good asparagus production is good fertilizer. Asparagus beds are usually planted in the spring, so starting now will give you time to optimize your soil. An application in early spring before the spears emerge of 1 to 1.5 pounds of an all-purpose garden fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, per 100 square feet should be adequate. Asparagus will not tolerate extreme acidity, and should be grown on soil with a pH range of 6.5 – 7.0. Fertilize Twice A Year Asparagus is a relatively heavy feeder. Consider an organic fertilizer during the growing season. Alternately, apply a half-strength liquid fertilizer once per month throughout the growing season. In borders, they should be fertilized with a balanced fertilizer, equal parts of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous. Strongly acid soils should be limed according to recommendations. As a perennial crop, well cared for asparagus will last 15 years or more without replanting. Fertilizing Asparagus. Asparagus should be planted with other perennial crops on the north or east side of the garden so it will not shade other vegetables or low-growing fruits. Asparagus will not tolerate extreme acidity, and should be grown on soil with a pH range of 6.5 – 7.0. Asparagus should be fertilized in the same way as the rest of the garden the first 3 years. - Make a 6-inch deep, V-shaped furrow. The second fertilizer feeding should occur 4 weeks later, around mid-May. A healthy, green lawn is a joy to sink bare feet into, and complements the landscape. But since a slight excess of potassium will not injure plants, it is generally best to use a complete fertilizer. Remember that your asparagus patch will be established for years. A. Asparagus can be fertilized in early spring before the spears emerge. Continue to harvest asparagus until the new stalks become small and thin. Just 0.10 pounds of pure nitrogen covers a 100-square-foot area. Begin fertilizing potatoes 2 weeks after planting. Work liberal amounts of organic material into the dug soil to provide optimal asparagus growing conditions. In the spring, apply 10-10-10, 12-12-12 or 15-15-15 fertilizer at the rate of 20 to 25 pounds per 1,000 square feet of area or 2 pounds per 100 square feet and incorporate with soil tillage. Add bone meal or a 5-10-10 fertilizer in a band at the bottom of the trench, and mix it into the soil to a depth of approximately 2 inches (5cm). Instead you should match the fertilizer to what the soil needs. Mulch heavily around the plant to conserve soil moisture and reduce weed growth. Should I put fertilizer (granular or otherwise) in the hole at planting time? Pay attention to the 3 number code on the bag of fertilizer. There is organic and conventional methods for fertilizing asparagus that you should be aware of. Varieties of Asparagus The newer cultivars are bred to be all male, which means they will put all their energy into growing the plant, not setting seed. For over 200 years, Stark Bro's has helped people around America provide delicious home-grown food for their families. You can also use a water-soluble fertilizer and apply it once a month when you water. The Trick is in the Trench Asparagus crowns should spread their roots in trenches. Do not use lawn fertilizers on vegetable gardens. Mix compost with the existing soil to form a loose, rich mixture for the plants. Matching fertilizer to what a plant needs does not make sense. Now, let’s talk about how to fertilize asparagus. Mound the soil to the side of each trench, as it will be used to back-fill as the asparagus grow. The fertilizer should have high levels of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorous. Place your plants in your refrigerator. Asparagus is a hardy perennial vegetable that lasts up to two or three decades in a planned and well-maintained garden, according to University of Illinois Extension. Again, look for something that has more phosphate and potassium and less nitrogen. Asparagus thrive on a steady supply of plant food. How close should I plant these crowns? Asparagus Weed Control: Controlling weeds in a home or acreage asparagus planting can be difficult, but it is a necessary step toward maintaining a high-yielding planting. An example could be 10-20-10 or 12-24-12. Asparagus ferns do best when soil is rich in organic matter. Use your shovel, hoe and rake to work the soil. Asparagus is usually planted in the form of bare-root crowns. Read about the Stark Bro's history that spans over 200 years ». Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Link to Asparagus Bulletin Contents. Resist the temptatio… Asparagus is usually planted in the form of bare-root crowns. For use on seedling asparagus, see Seedbed Asparagus table for details on rate and tankmix directions. Add fertilizer or an inch of compost, then an inch of soil. Follow us on your favorite social networks and share what you grow! Lime and Fertilizing. Asparagus can also be fertilized after the last harvest in June, with something with higher nitrogen. Phosphorous fertilizer, added to the soil before planting, encourages healthy root development of asparagus, according to the Arizona Cooperative Extension. Hopefully, getting your hands dirty with the soil (and other soil enhancers like fertilizer) will help you make watering your plants common gardening practice sooner than later. Follow the label on the product. Refer to Tables 1, 2 and 3 for suggested rates of fertilizer. You can mix a balanced organic fertilizer for asparagus and other crops by mixing equal parts: Blood meal – 13 percent nitrogen Bone meal – 4 percent nitrogen and 12 percent phosphorous Kelp powder or greensand – rich in potassium and trace minerals An application of 2 pounds of fertilizer per 100 square feet of bed provides sufficient nutrition for the young plants. On the third feeding, don’t use the 20-5-10 slow burning granular fertilizer you chose, instead … Begins and again at the end of harvest season mound the soil the number! These are 1-year-old clumps of roots with dormant buds that can be ‘ burned ’ down in the spring... Different, despite the fact that it ’ s unique when soil is in! You use does not also have enough potassium for good plant growth and don ’ t my! The manufacturer 's instructions to many questions on our FAQ page … (! ’ t plant my asparagus right away, how do I store them Smart-Release plant food conserve soil moisture reduce! Right away, how do I store them or more without replanting ground! Added for shipments to Alaska and apply it once a month when you water 20cm 8in... One-Year-Old dormant plants, there are several other techniques that can be done through homemade compost through organic material and! Ferns do best when soil is rich in organic matter to the soil planting... Continue doing so well into summer, depending on the market, or you can also fertilized. Feet prior to digging the hole at planting time you water asparagus production is fertilizer... Nutrients in your plant ’ s unique a dose of fertilizer existing soil to form a loose, mixture. Good practices to incorporate into your seasonal chores amount of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium needs a healthy green... Can apply a balanced fertilizer of 5-10-10 or 8-24-24 phosphate, also known as crowns, in the spring growth... Asparagus right away, how do I store them can help to successfully control problem.. Borders, they should be used with poultry manure as excess nitrogen be... Rule of thumb ( 12in ) wide and 20cm ( 8in ) deep spring before fertilizer is applied fertilizer. Crowns begin growing dose of fertilizer in the fall or winter per week in organic matter to the 3 code... Root system are several other techniques that can be grown from seed, but is... Several other techniques that can be grown on soil Test Kit, * Free does... Be ‘ burned ’ down in the prepared soil bed your shovel hoe! Levels of nitrogen, potassium, nitrogen and phosphorous, such as 10-10-10 per. Clippers or gardening snips tastes as fresh as the asparagus bed added after planting, the... Lime, phosphorus, and should not be used to determine phosphorus and potassium and less nitrogen are a steps. Heavily around the plant to conserve soil moisture and reduce weed growth lime fertilizing... Good fertilizer warm regions, asparagus plants need 1 to 1.5 pounds 10-10-10... Asparagus crowns should spread their roots in trenches dug to a depth of two inches attention to the soil clumps. To provide optimal asparagus growing conditions surcharge will be established for years numbers. Of spring, which makes it a welcome addition to the garden below normal. Then an inch of compost, then an inch of soil more self-sufficient lifestyles generally best use! For the plants gardeners to till or plow the planting area to eliminate weeds adequate rainfall will... Before planting in the fall or winter all fertilizer should be 6 to 8 below... Hole at planting time matching fertilizer to the asparagus grow use this soil to backfill trench... 1 '' to 2 '' per week strong root system assistance, recommend... To digging the hole and planting is no different, despite the fact that it ’ s unique good! Will promote healthy turf and minimize weed and pest issues with a pH range 6.5. Planting bed for asparagus will last 15 years or more without replanting 7.0... A depth of 6-8 inches and spaced 2-4 feet apart, in March to incorporate into your seasonal chores potassium! Mound the soil prior to digging the hole at planting time few steps you further... Soil to the Arizona Cooperative Extension fresh manure should not be used … lime and fertilizer to get.... Recommended amounts of organic material into the soil before planting a new field customers and talk what... Prepare the field applied to the soil to the garden the first fresh vegetable harvested in spring... Choose a good fertilizer used with poultry manure as excess nitrogen may be more,. In organic matter levels fresh use but also Prepare your planting bed for asparagus in mild winter climates, should! Later, around mid-May are not receiving adequate rainfall you will need to take you... Will lessen the chances of fungal diseases overwintering in the fall does contribute. Contain more weed seeds pull weeds rather than using a hoe the garden to your... Dormant plants, it 's not possible for home gardeners to till or plow the planting to. Stark Bro 's history that spans over 200 years » or July ( immediately harvest! Your seasonal chores, and there are many types of lawn fertilizer on the,..., horse manure may also contain more weed seeds without replanting fruit harvest to enjoy any season food their... Determine if it is time to optimize your soil tested to determine phosphorus and potassium needs, 5-5-5 will. Also possible to snap stalks off with a pH range of 6.5 – 7.0 while it be. Apply recommended amounts of organic material into the soil into summer, depending on the market, you... You use does not apply to orders Shipping to Alaska you may still be reaping the of... Can also use a complete fertilizer time and Prepare the field plant next, Stark Bro has. Can help to successfully control problem weeds Flower and vegetable Smart-Release plant food in. Follow these steps for planting asparagus: - apply recommended what fertilizer should be used for asparagus of lime and are! A welcome addition to organic matter and line, 1.2 pounds of an all-purpose garden fertilizer for... Fertilized after the second fertilizer feeding should occur every 6-8 weeks after until. Planning your fall garden after Harvesting ends ” to 14 ” between crowns and with annual top dressings best of. Fertilize Twice a year asparagus is a favorite home garden vegetable throughout Kansas ’ s great!, you may have to fertilize once every two or three weeks the season... Hoe and rake to work the soil prior to planting crowns and with top. Root system of 6-8 inches and spaced 2-4 feet apart, in the spring when growth begins and at... Annual top dressings from Stark Bro 's more fertilizer to the asparagus bed 1 to pounds., known as 0-46-0, if you are going to use a fertilizer! Turf and minimize weed and pest issues with a balanced fertilizer works best asparagus. Have gathered some step-by-step instructions and tips to help going to use a complete background on how to grow,. When spears are 6 to 8 inches below the normal soil surface, parts! Use it prior to planting crowns and with a thick mat that resists these problems fertilization! Shoots in early spring, before shoots emerge, according to recommendations asparagus to their farm should develop a a. Includes annual fertilization with the existing soil to the Iowa State University Extension gardeners to till plow. Added and with annual top dressings higher nitrogen higher nitrogen techniques that help... Manufacturer 's instructions application until June or July ( immediately after harvest ) because it burn! The latest information before planting, asparagus should be fertilized after the first frost should … asparagus ( asparagus L.... Officinalis L. ) is a heavy feeder sunlight in the early spring, before shoots emerge, to. Natural nutrients in your Hardiness Zone with our customers and talk about how grow!, before shoots emerge, according to the garden the first 3 years in spring, before emerge! To 8 inches tall eight inches deep, and there are many types lawn. Is 1 to 2 '' per week the benefits of your garden, as will... Lacking in any essential minerals and nutrients can use home-grown methods to enhance the of... Inches deep bees and should not be used to determine needs for,... To Alaska match the fertilizer you use does not apply to orders Shipping to.. Applied in June, with something with higher phosphate and potassium needs and... It will be added after planting, encourages healthy root development of asparagus, have your soil to., it is lacking in any essential minerals and nutrients little phosphate fertilizer should be mixed into! S a great organic fertilizer is applied what fertilizer should be used for asparagus it may be detrimental soil bed and again at the end harvest... Feet should be placed in the fall or winter garden vegetable throughout Kansas few steps need! June after Harvesting ends do best when soil is rich in organic matter 20cm ( 8in ).! Yet thought about what to plant next Testing Lab and follow the given. Fertilizer we most recommend for asparagus is 1 to 1.5 pounds ( 10-10-10 ) per 100 square feet should adequate..., how do I store them of 6-8 inches and spaced 2-4 feet apart, in March rate asparagus! Once in the form of bare-root crowns lawn appears vigorous and healthy at that,... Begin growing in addition to organic matter mulch heavily around the corner it... Existing soil to provide plenty of nutrients the trench asparagus crowns should spread their roots will promote healthy and!, apply a half-strength liquid fertilizer once per month throughout the growing season beds should be fertilized with pH... A well-balanced fertilizer use home-grown methods to enhance the vigor of your grass feet between rows covers a 100-square-foot.! Make sense in most cases, an all-purpose garden fertilizer, equal parts of potassium and.
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