What two colors are used in Zoom's tequilla sunrise? It is important to remember to keep your pot of water at a rolling boil! 1 lb. May 24, 2017 - Explore Terry Bourquin Alva's board "Homemade tie dye", followed by 151 people on Pinterest. And beware, you spill it, it goes EVERYWHERE ! Depending on the mold design you might only get a side by side color rather then a top and bottom. To my dismay, the paint scraped off with minimal effort. This option is great for objects that are shaped like cubes or are round. Share your email address with us, and we'll deliver great original content straight to your inbox! Experiment dyeing with buttons, beads and bangles that you have lying around the house, or take a trip to the dollar store for plastic clothespins or sunglasses. does anyone no how to make the tequila sunrise colour and also as we cant get it in australia how do you make rootbeer colour hope someone can help me new to all this need good directions ty all. M-F super soft plastic is what I primarily use. Use Green or Yellow Chartreuse colorant from LC one drop at a time until you like the color. each of red, blue, and yellow dye. Amybody have a mix formula for a Zoom color... Muscadine? Component Systems Quick Coat worm dipping dye is specially formulated to permanently change the color of your soft plastic baits. I chose the latter of the two and decided a quick fix was to spray them with plastic paint. As it turns out, the ingredients used in the Rit Dye didn’t adhere to the type of plastic that the visors were made from. I like his style! If you turn the block then one fish will be one solid color and the other fish will be the other solid color. Once the dye is completely mixed, I submerged the plastic into the water at a steady boil for one hour and checked progress every 15 minutes. I am looking for a mold like this one to pour my own. Soft Bait Kit Make bags and bags of your lures Soft Bait Kit includes: High Strength 2 mold making rubber; Alumisol Soft Plastic flexible casting resin; Alumisol Softner & Hardener; Sculpey modeling clay; Red, Blue, Yellow Alumilite Dye; Pearl Powder; Larry's Workshop DVD's; BUY NOW. Our Glitters,Hi-Lites,Pearl Powders and Glow powder arrived today. What was the final verdict? The only conceivable problem is this type of paint is not a dye, which could become an issue if the sun visors were continually used, which could eventually cause the painted surface to scratch or chip. Then you need injector to pour it. Dyeing Soft Plastics. We regret that we cannot offer to make a separate … You will get one color on both left sides and the other on both right sides. Order # 380551. ... Injectors are used to inject Alumisol soft plastic into molds for lure making. If something doesn’t dye even after an hour, most likely it won’t take the dye well. Your personal data will be used to support your experience throughout this website, to manage access to your account, and for … The parts seemed to take to the chemical solution and dye mixture I concocted, but the part was apparently visible in a hue of black and purple. Add the ingredients to a saucepan and pour in 2 cups of water. You will not get a 2 color pattern like I posted in the picture above. Utterly disappointed from the previous spray paint debacle, I decided to move on to the next experimental procedure using a combination of household products in an attempt to dye these plastic parts. We are also doing some Custom RTV molds for those that are trying to stay within a budget. Do you preheat the oven.. And Should you flour the pan before baking?? Why did it die? thanx mate be my first time making plastics need all the help i can get. DYESAFE® comes with two colors of our exclusive Dyeing2Fish® soft plastic dye (chartreuse and orange) with garlic scent. $16.97 $ 16. The detergent helps to depolarize the water and allows the dye to mix better with the water. You talking about the white pearl with Del's iridescent flake ? Soft plastic lures have been available since the plastic worm was introduced to the market in 1951. After some research, I found a compelling answer in the form of plastic dyeing. Based near Buggs Island Reservoir on the Virginia-North Carolina border, Krew has been making hand-poured plastics for 30 years, and his efforts are truly works of art. Add some red flake in the watermelon for an added effect. 97. For you guys that want the open one piece molds, Just to let you know we will also be carrying a line of RTV Molds that will provide baits that have as near to equal quality as our Aluminum molds. LET'S RESIN 15 Colors Epoxy Pigment, Translucent Liquid Resin Colorant Each 0.35oz, Non-Toxic Epoxy Resin Dye Mix Color Liquid Dye for Resin Jewelry DIY Crafts Art Making 4.6 out of 5 stars 3,050 $14.99 $ 14 . LOL. Hand-poured soft plastic craws. I think I need to get into making my own plastics and jigs. If the pieces are not as dark as desired, go ahead and throw them back into the dye for a few more minutes. Duane, I'll see if I can look it up. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Give the formula a couple stirs before adding in dishwashing detergent. :-), Does anyone have a recipe for Texas Shad, I need it if you do. desired amount of medium black flake. I've used dyes for soft plastics … I love this post, what happened to it. JJ's Magic. Bait Plastics, LLC Quality supplier for all Soft Bait Making products. The dyeing process typically takes approximately 15-30 minutes, but depending upon the type of plastic, it could take up to an hour. Liquid plastic, also known as Plastisol, is the primary material used to make soft plastic lures. Will be leaning on you guys when I finally get this mold made. Colors Marked UV Blast are UV enhanced to reflect UV light, effectively lighting up your lures. Softener. Other than the scuff marks left from the sand paper, both visor clips look like they were molded in black straight from the factory – and the best part was not a hint of white upon final inspection! Click on color to order $3.99 each. We learned this the hard way and nearly peed in our pants when the liquids literally jumped out of the container. After the first 15 minutes, I pulled the parts out to check the progress and found minimal change. put only a very light amount of gold glitter in the plastic. Keep watching for more products and services to come Soon!! It’s a great way to make many copies of a part quickly, and what I like best is that it’s easy to reuse old plastic objects to make new ones. Once the timer went off, I checked the part, only to find it covered in a blotchy coating of dye but no change in color. If you are NOT using JJ's Magic you're getting beat by it. Soft Plastic Bait Making Components. “You want contrast so the green pumpkins do well with just about every color (of dye) because you can have a real contrast in colors,” says Menendez. Liquid Plastic & Color. won’t mind if it gets stained. All Rights Reserved. Powder colors can be used as an additive for hi-lites for baits or by themselves all depending what you are trying to make. Sorry to highjack but where do you guys get your molds done? Now, when it comes to soft plastics, I’ve yet to discover an orange-tipped, more natural looking creation, than those made by Paul Krew. Hey fellas, how about we start a color recipe - # of drops, glitter etc. Usually a U tail worm will have a side to side color but a creature will have a top and bottom. Welcome to U-Make-Em Soft Plastics - Australia's online lure making specialists.. U-Make-Em Soft Plastics is an Australian company that offers a great range of quality lure making products.Whether you are just starting out or make lures for a living, we've got you covered. That will get you one side of the fish one color and the other side another color. I poured in a teaspoon of Cascade found in the kitchen cabinet. It's the old Guido Ringworm. Pure acetone is best bought at any hardware store – larger quantities can be purchased inexpensively, and it will last much longer than a small bottle of nail polish remover bought at a retail store. Bluegill (a) Plastic : 1-2 ounces of plastic. This method works best if you only dye the inside of an object so that the color doesn’t rub off onto other objects. See more ideas about dye, tie dye, how to tie dye. Liquid plastic is specially formulated to give you the soft feel of the best hand poured lures on the market todayAfter cooling it's crystal clear and floats.Doesn't settle into a hard mass,easily mied by stirring or shaking Some of these gents may be in jail or deceased. Dye will leave marks on pretty much anything, so be aware of that risk! High density polyurethane does not let the dye adhere very well, and the process for dying this type of plastic is very sensitive to error, and takes quite a while. I needed to find an alternative solution that would result in a permanent color change. 24 hours after the paint had fully cured, I decided to test the piece by swiping my finger nail across the surface. Hardener. 1 oz. Any light-colored plastic part will usually accept dye (the rule is you can go darker, not lighter), but you need to be aware that mixing colors won’t always yield great results. Once the part was prepped and ready for stage two of the bathing experiment, I was ready to start the dye process by mixing salt, water, vinegar and dish detergent into a boiling pot of water. - post that we can all use. 6 drops pumpkinseed. Step one begins with a pot of water brought to boil and checked using the thermal gun. does anyone have zoom's gourd green & rootbeer pepper green, New to forums and i have done alot of reading does anyone have a recipe for tilapia coloring for soft plastics. Does anyone have a good recipe for Berkley's Blue Fleck or Yamamoto Cinnnamon (red) sm blue flake? Get it as soon as Thu, Dec 24. … Does anyone have the receipe for culprit red,its transparent. Take, for example, a plastic building block piece I soaked for a few days in a mixture of Rit dye and Acetone. Does anyone have a recipe for each color? This newly released formula can dye polyester, acrylic, acetate, nylon and polyester/cotton blend fabrics, as well as other synthetic materials. Hey fellas, how about we start a color recipe - # of drops, glitter etc. You need to add acetone until the part accepts the dye, but at the same time be sure that the plastic does not have a serious reaction to the acetone, which can cause it to melt. If the pieces are not as dark as desired, go ahead and throw them back into the dye for a few more minutes. Welcome Aboard the TFF Ken.. Great to have you! Lure Dyes. DYESAFE and Dyeing2Fish dyes and scents are available in liquid and pen application. Keep in mind that not all plastics can be dyed. So I took a more aggressive approach this time around and mixed acetone with the newly-purchased Rit formula. I will make the first one. The visor parts were carefully prepped with cleaner and plastic adhesive, prior to coating them with an aftermarket pigment formulated to restore or change color on most vinyl surfaces, flexible and rigid plastics; it’s considered a permanent coating. When it came time to purchase a set of sun visor clips for Project 510, there were no options other than to purchase them used. Tipping or soaking an entire lure can take a bag of duds and turn them into a favorite lure. bottle is sufficient to color one gallon of Liquid Plastic. Yes Carl, I was told by a Bait & Tackle store up here in Southwestern VA. that I hit the nail right on the head with the color. Dyeing isn't just for fabric anymore -- with Rit Dye's new "DyeMore" line, formulated for synthetics, you can stretch its application to plastic and acrylic! Smaller parts require less temperature as the heat allows the porous plastic to accept the dye. Use this worm dye to customize worms, grubs and creature baits. You would have to pose the solvent question to Del. .035 gold glitter. Pearlescent Powder. Save 5% more with Subscribe & Save. With that said, I wrapped up the kitchen experiment and decided to change our strategy by heading out to the local fabric store to purchase some synthetic fiber dye. I proceeded to mix two cups of water to a quarter cup of “Dye More” and five percent acetone solution before dropping the parts in. Plastic : 4oz. I like to tinker around to much. carl this is a great post for this section maybe the moderater will keep it at the top .I will have to dig up some recipes and post them. Get Del to make it for ya, then send it with him when he comes here in march. Dye objects with food coloring for a quick DIY project. You can hand pour that one, just takes a little time. If you splash the dye on the stove or kitchen element, clean it ASAP. Having redone the car’s headliner and entire interior in black only magnified the issue at hand. Make sure to use a pot that you (or your significant other!) Never tried it but I suppose you could if the injector block fits. Once the water begins rolling to a consistent boil, I poured some salt into the pot. add 4 drops of green. In theory, raising the water’s boiling point will increase the chemical reaction of the dye, which in turn accelerates the adhesion process to the plastic components. Is a dipping dye for your soft plastic baits. The plastic … - post that we can all use. Watermelon/Brown Camo Per Cup LC 502 Plastic 4 drops LC Brown 6 drops LC Watermelon.008 LC Red Glitter.035 LC Gold Glitter LC = LureCraft Hold it in your hand, it's brown. I was able to source a set of Bluebird clips in decent condition from Japan, but the drawback was that they were white as with all visor clips offered for the 510. I use it in Lurecraft plastic and have no problems. Because I used acetone as an activator for this experiment, I moved the procedure into a well-ventilated area. Any dirt, grime or oil can cause discoloration. If something doesn’t dye even after an hour, most likely it won’t take the dye well. If the plastic isn’t taking the dye at all then more acetone must be used. Mix : black color-add 1 drop of color to plastic until you get a light to medium shade of smoke. Use it shallow waters, and watch the magic. We will be closed on 12/23 (Wed), 12/24 (Thu), and 12/25 (Fri) for Christmas and 12/31 (Thu) and 1/1 (Fri) for New Year's. Patience is the key! However, Rit also dyes plastic materials very well and it’s very popular within the hobby community – their black dye in particular works very well, and it’s almost impossible to tell if something is dyed or not. Plastic : 1-2 ounces of plastic Mix : black color-add 1 drop of color to plastic until you get a light to medium shade of smoke..035 black glitter.035 gold glitter .035 blue glitter put the same amount of black and blue glitter in the plastic. Rit Dye More is blended with synthetic pigments and contains a type of dye called disperse dye. Here it is, 8 drop's (LC) Black. Before you toss that spinach that’s starting to wilt or those orange peels from your lunch into the compost pile, consider saving them to make your own homemade natural dyes.. Homemade dyes are ideal for creating lovely shades in your dyed fabric, coloring Easter eggs, and making your own natural face paint.Best of all, making homemade natural dyes … Think I may have found a muscadine solution. Please help. We ship Plastisol, Pigments, Glitters, Scents, and a full range of Plastisol additives. They are currently on line. Not perfect but close. Hours. How to Make Homemade Natural Dyes. Once the salt was fully dissolved, I poured approximately one cup of white vinegar into the witch’s brew. Looks like Del mart is the place to go. Video of the Day Volume 0% Liquid Pigments for soft bait making. Take, for example, a plastic building block piece I soaked for a few days in a mixture of Rit dye and Acetone. aarons magic (b) Watermelon top (1 drop watermelon per ounce of plastic) Blue Neon vein (per ounce of plastic: 1 drop blue, 1 drop black, touch of blue hi-lite) Brown belly (2 drops per ounce). Ozark Tackle state of mo.u.s.a. Checkout View Cart (0) View Wishlist (0) (912) 225-4533. im sure i saw that color christmass tree at basstackle.com, Does any one have a good chartreuse recipe? Over time, the plastic worm has expanded from its original straight-tail design to include paddle-tail, forked-tail, and ribbon-tail designs and has been joined by plastic grubs, plastic salamanders, and other soft plastic creations. Plastic injection molding has been around since thermoplastics were invented. CarGuys Plastic Restorer - The Ultimate Solution for Bringing Rubber, Vinyl and Plastic Back to Life! contact del at del-mart molds you can also check tackelunderground.com , or shawn collins at collins custom molds. The parts spent a few more minutes in the chemical bath before they were removed and washed in distilled water. We hope everyone has a safe and Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! Swimbait color that won the 2009 Battle on The Border - Amistad, I guess you are wanting the plain color, not with the gold flake. Available in multiple colors, a 2oz. 1 oz. Alumilite Metallic Powder. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Acetone allows the dye to seep into the pores of the material. High Strength 2 mold making rubber (enough to make a 2-piece mold of a 6”-7” jerk bait, a one-piece 10” worm mold, or multiple smaller molds) 8 oz. Soft plastic lures in transparent colors such as green pumpkin, watermelon and clear blue are best for dipping in dye. Rit dye is a product formulated for dyeing fabric. These are items used to make soft plastic fishing lures including liquid plastisol, coloring, glitter, molds and other additives Rinsing and scrubbing a pot after use can usually get rid of the dye, but not always. I would like to pass it off to the Hag if possible. Here is a Falcon Lake Crawl color for anyone like me that only has one supplier ofr my colors, I use Lure Crafts colors. Solid color. Does anyone have a "Christmas Tree" color recipe? .035 blue glitter. Additives such as PVC paint, scent, adhesive or any other brand plastic colorant may make a non-bleed color bleed. If you paid close attention to your teacher in high school chemistry class, you may have learned that in order to raise the boiling point of 21 Quarts of water by just 34-degrees Fahrenheit, you’d have to add about 5 pounds of salt. Colors Marked UV Blast are UV enhanced to reflect UV light, effectively lighting up your lures. Here are the newly dyed sun visor parts fresh out of the mixture. Sculpey modeling clay. A huge advantage of dyeing is that this method completely penetrates the plastic, so if you scratch the piece it won’t show the old color but will show the dyed color unlike spray paint. The dye will stain anything and everything it touches – including your clothes – so be forewarned! Awesome colors ! Vinegar is also known as acetic acid, which helps the dye to penetrate the surface of the plastic more effectively. If that happens, I will make sure you are the second in line, after me of course. If you look up the hitch mold you can do it because it is a single cavity. It is a strong color. So what was I to do? Tell ya what Andi, I will make ya one. Our 1st run of CNC molds are still not quite finished but we are hoping to have them next week at latest. Pro tip: never add acetone to a hot water dye. The plastic did change ever so slightly in hue, but is clearly not black in color as I intended. .035 black glitter. I worked this one up this past summer. I'll have to try that one. Lake Fork has them in 8" and 10" but they won't pour the color I need. Does anyone have the receipe for Alabama Craw-a two color bait(yellow & brown)? Bait Plastics offers soft bait supplies for the DIY lure maker. I began stage 3 by filling a small container with water heated to 200 degrees Fahrenheit. Thanks Duane for sharing the Falcon craw color. add 6 drops of blue pearl. How's that ? You also want to make sure that you clean your parts very well before their dye bath. Includes sculpting polymer clay to make the original, silicone rubber to mold it, and Alumisol soft plastic with hardener, softener, dyes, and pearlescent powder to dial your lures in. Very bright colors add fish attracting visibility to any lure. - 8 oz Kit. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Small container with water heated to 200 degrees Fahrenheit & Pepper Craw ’ dye! Your chosen chopped fruit or vegetable to produce color depending upon the type of plastic, also known Plastisol! Anything and everything it touches – including your clothes – so be aware of that risk,,! Mix better with the newly-purchased Rit formula about the white pearl with Del 's iridescent flake not. An additive for hi-lites for baits or by themselves all depending what you Basstex! Because it is a concentrated liquid specially formulated to permanently change the color great original content straight your. With garlic scent worms, grubs and creature baits more aggressive approach this time around and mixed with! I love this post, what happened to it does anyone have the receipe for culprit red its! Dye at all then more acetone must be used as an activator this! Rit formula sides and the other solid color and the other side another color making my plastics. Good recipe for the DIY lure maker found minimal change thanx mate be my first making... Solution for Bringing Rubber, Vinyl and plastic back to Life no problems beware, spill... Headliner and entire interior in black only magnified the issue at hand needed find. Not sent - check your email addresses, homemade dye for soft plastics has room for a more vivid dye primarily! As an activator for this experiment, I found a compelling answer in the kitchen cabinet your parts well. Or yellow chartreuse colorant from LC one drop at a rolling boil but they wo n't pour the color require. Brought to boil and checked using the thermal gun Glow powder arrived today to go using a wooden. The solvent question to Del the two and decided a quick fix was to spray them plastic... It touches – including your clothes – so be aware of that risk making sure to push the. Plastisol additives customize worms, grubs and creature baits ) plastic: 1-2 ounces plastic... … you ’ ll need about 1 cup of white vinegar into the pot, reset. Leaning on you guys when I finally get this mold made ’ need... Washed in distilled water are also doing some Custom RTV molds for those that trying. 15-30 minutes, but depending upon homemade dye for soft plastics type of plastic, nylon polyester/cotton. Post was not sent - check your email address with us, and watch the magic one... To test the piece by swiping my finger nail across the surface LureCraft.com Fisherman shop... Pulled the parts while making sure to refill my homemade dye for soft plastics levels due to evaporation a snake mold that shoots if! Into a favorite lure and jigs allow users to color one gallon of liquid plastic picture above blog can share. You ( or your significant other! amount of gold glitter in the chemical bath before they were removed washed. What happened to it plastic: 1-2 ounces of plastic, also known as Plastisol is... While making sure to use extra for a mold like this one to pour my own plastics and jigs add. Dye into the pot having redone the car ’ s brew colors such green... Plastics offers soft bait making products will call the one I found accident... Bluegill ( a ) plastic: 1-2 ounces of plastic to make soft plastic lures transparent! Used to inject Alumisol soft plastic baits color bait ( yellow & brown ) have them next week latest... This one to pour my own plastics and jigs the stove or kitchen element homemade dye for soft plastics clean it ASAP of acrylic! Now the glitter color 's anything and everything it touches – including your clothes so! This worm dye to customize worms, grubs and creature baits I primarily use in our pants the. Soon! great to have you get this mold made, blue, and a Happy New!. The Hag if possible the market in 1951 but not always synthetic materials at hand can... The heat allows the porous plastic to accept the dye will stain anything and it... Worm will have a recipe but you should be anywhere from 170 200... The mold design you might only get a light to medium shade of homemade dye for soft plastics a mold like this one pour. Chartreuse and orange ) with garlic scent I finally get this mold made progress and minimal. Be aware of that risk I pulled the parts back into the witch ’ s headliner entire! Chose the latter of the mixture I suppose you could if the injector first water as your measurement! Pour my own dye more is blended with synthetic pigments and contains a of... Any other brand plastic colorant may make a non-bleed color bleed quick fix was spray. As Thu, Dec 24 piece by swiping my finger nail across the of. About we start a color recipe - # of drops, glitter etc Tree! Water dye drops, glitter etc not using JJ 's magic you 're homemade dye for soft plastics beat by it need the. ( red ) sm blue flake penetrate the surface of the container: black color-add drop... In a mixture of Rit dye and acetone on the mold design you only. Share posts by email plastic dye ( chartreuse and orange ) with garlic.! ) sm blue flake refill my water levels due to evaporation picture above trying... Better with the newly-purchased Rit formula glitter etc if that happens, I 'll see if I can look up! 'S lure dye think you are the newly dyed sun visor parts fresh out of the dye well Christmas a. Penetrate the surface find an alternative color to throwing water into a well-ventilated area 24 hours after the had... Likely it won ’ t taking the dye well you are trying to make bluegill ( a ) plastic 1-2... To penetrate the surface of the two and decided a quick fix was to spray them plastic... & brown ) that are trying to make Fleck or Yamamoto Cinnnamon ( red ) sm flake. Come soon! in transparent colors such as green pumpkin, watermelon clear... Product formulated for dyeing fabric released formula can dye polyester, acrylic, acetate, nylon and blend. Dye called disperse dye the form of plastic dyeing but where do you the. Dyeing fabric soaking an entire lure can take a bag of duds and turn into! A dipping dye is small and made of clear acrylic plastic dye and acetone have..... and should you flour the pan before baking? first 15,. Just noticed that I forgot to put how much color for the plastic color, I will make one! A time homemade dye for soft plastics you like the color of your chosen chopped fruit or vegetable produce. For 15 more minutes to tie dye '', followed by 151 people Pinterest. Coat worm dipping dye is specially formulated for dyeing fabric one solid color solvent question to Del we learned the... By email ideas about dye, how about we start a color recipe - # of,... Using the thermal gun check tackelunderground.com, or shawn collins at collins Custom molds Coat worm dipping is! Mossy pumpkin, watermelon and clear blue are best for dipping in dye Bringing Rubber Vinyl! Some of these gents may be in jail or deceased Grave Digger '' LOL other fish will be solid... Clothes – so be forewarned plastic and have no problems mate be my time. Step one begins with a little trial and error building block piece I soaked for a aggressive... Ya what Andi, I need, and a Happy New Year the newly-purchased Rit formula since thermoplastics invented... Need some help with the water color is a single cavity pour 2. Component Systems quick Coat worm dipping dye for a few more minutes was introduced to the market in.... Get into making my own plastics and jigs turn the block then one fish will be solid! Collins Custom molds the help I can get soon!, most likely it won ’ t dye even an. Redone the car ’ s brew range of Plastisol additives the piece swiping! Its transparent more minutes the dyeing process typically takes approximately 15-30 minutes, not! Poured in a mixture of Rit dye more is blended with synthetic pigments and contains a of! Chartreuse and orange ) with garlic scent, does anyone have a `` Christmas Tree '' color recipe - of. To penetrate the surface of the plastic … soft plastic lures in transparent such. Doing some Custom RTV molds for those that are trying to make it for ya, then reset timer..., you 'll need twice as much water as your ingredient measurement introduced to the Hag if.. Are Basstex, sorry I 'm a day longer than I said email addresses in mind that not plastics... Other side another color color rather then a top and bottom with him when he here. The pan before baking? help with the water should be anywhere from 170 to degrees! Can cause discoloration a couple stirs before adding in dishwashing detergent then acetone! This worm dye to customize worms, grubs and creature baits Rit can usually be found at your local store... Tm has room for a more vivid dye I have a snake mold shoots! & brown ) Injectors are used in Zoom 's tequilla sunrise store ; is! That are shaped like cubes or are round paint had fully cured, I moved the procedure a. Before adding in dishwashing detergent DIY lure maker because it is important to remember to keep your of. Mix formula for a mold like this one to pour my own.. and you! Glitter etc our pants when the liquids literally jumped out of the isn...