Decoction: boil 2 tsp. An Instant Guide to Medicinal Plants, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992). Most of the species are native to the north temperate zone and the Arctic, and a number are used as ornamental species, including the ruby cinquefoil (Potentilla atrosanguinea) and the Nepal cinquefoil (P. nepalensis). It contains a lot of tannin and so is astringent, like many Venus herbs, and it is sometimes used in love magick, as in dreaming of one's future mate. Blooms April–June. of the mixture in 1/2 cup water. Back to Top, Found in dry fields, wet meadows and banks, and pastures and also in damp marshy places all over North American and Europe. Common Cinquefoil in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/30/2017). The central part of the blossom is a deeper, sulphur yellow, which give the plant its common name. Back to Top. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Take 1 to 1 1/2 cups a day, a mouthful at a time. It is a strong competitor with grasses in rangeland areas. Medicinal Uses of Cinquefoil Cinquefoil has a long history of being used as a remedy for many conditions. It is in flower from July to August. The Complete Medicinal Herbal, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993, Culpeper’s Complete Herbal & English Physician: Updated With 117 Modern Herbs, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814), Indian Herbalogy of North America, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973, How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974. ( source ) The plant is a tap-rooted perennial , standing 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 feet tall, with many branches near the top of the plant. This species is distinguished by its solitary, long-stalked flowers; stem leaves often produced in clusters on short side branches; and the central leaflet usually twice as long as wide or wider. Rabbits and woodchucks eat the leaves. Creeping cinquefoil. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Back to Top. Common cinquefoil is a perennial broadleaf weed. Potentilla discolor and P. multifida are Chinese medicinal herbs used to treat diabetes. Also makes a red dye. There are multiple kinds of cinquefoil. When added to bath water, it will stop bleeding from piles, boils, ulcers, sores, and wounds. But this is an artificial division; many plant families include some species that are woody and some that are not. Plant Search > Common Cinquefoil Common Cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex) About Common Cinquefoil. Common name: cinquefoil. Produces small yellow flowers. The tincture is good for sealing hemorrhages, for leucorrhea, and for fevers. Cinquefoil Health Uses and Health Benefits Several European and Native American cultures have used cinquefoil plants to produce herbal medicines due to their anti-inflammatory, astringent and antiseptic benefits. In ancient China, this herb was used in magic for casting spells and as a love-divining herb. The leaves have five leaflets and the margins are toothed. About Slender Cinquefoil (Potentilla gracilis) 12 Nurseries Carry This Plant. It often forms loose colonies. Common cinquefoil, or five-finger, is named for its leaves, which are divided into five fingerlike leaflets. There are several cinquefoil species, with similar flowers. Named varieties are: Plant Description Common Cinquefoil in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/22/2015). Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. We have seen rough cinquefoil be very difficult to control with glyphosate, but this may be a different cinquefoil species and appears to be more tolerant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Creeping cinquefoil (Potentilla reptans) with its bright sunny flowers is an attractive sight on roadsides and hedgebanks, but its invasive habit means it can quickly become a nuisance in beds, borders and lawns. Both the roots and the herb are antispasmodic, astringent and febrifuge [4, 7, 9, 54, 240]. Flowers: The flowers have 5 Regular Parts and are up to 1.3cm wide (0.5 inches). Noteworthy Characteristics. They might use an infusion of Cinquefoil as a herbal tonic for dysentery, diarrhea, fevers, and debility. Photo by Bill Harms. Secrets of the Chinese Herbalists, by Richard Lucas, Parker Publishing Company, Inc., West Nyack, NY, 1987. Infusion or Decoction: use 1 tbsp. The plant is self-fertile. oldfield fivefingers. Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more! The tea is also useful as an external astringent for skin problems, jaundice, malaria, cystitis, palsy, shingles, itch, sciatica, gout, rheumatism, arthritis, quinsey, epilepsy, toothache, bleeding gums, mouthwash, fever, and throat sores, hoarseness, cough, ague, colds, flu, canker sores. Common cinquefoil, also known as oldfield cinquefoil, is a low growing perennial that resembles a strawberry plant with yellow flowers. It has a high tannin content and is unpalatable to most wildlife and livestock. Common Cinquefoil resembles many other species of Cinquefoil, both native and introduced. Sulphur cinquefoil has five shallowly-notched yellow petals. The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. Bees, flies, butterflies, wasps, and other insects visit the flowers for nectar, pollen, or both. Perhaps the Venus association also is due to the fact that this herb is connected to … By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses. Diluted it makes a good mouthwash and gargle for sore throat. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Take lukewarm in the course of a day in mouthful doses. The plants are still very green and healthy. Externally, used to help heal wounds, sores, ulcers, bruises and relieves pain. Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990, Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. Potentilla hippiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). of the dried herb in 1 cup of boiling water. Overview Information European five-finger grass is an herb. The genus name, Potentilla, is from the Latin for “little potent one.” It refers to the historic medicinal uses of some of the 300 species of this genus. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. Sweeten with honey. Other varieties: Tall cinquefoil (P. arguta), (P. reptans), and dwarf cinquefoil (P. canadensis). The Cinquefoil plant contains a large amount of tannins and is most utilized by herbalists as an astringent. The history and uses of Cinquefoil. List of various diseases cured by Chinese Cinquefoil. Steep 1 tsp. Its compound leaves almost always have 5 leaflets, the flowers are bright yellow, and it sprawls along the ground; other species often have a fewer or greater number of leaflets, their flowers may be white or pale yellow, or they are erect. Common names vary by nation, culture, and region, and sometimes the same common name is applied to different plants. The genus Potentilla contains a number of interesting and attractive perennial plants that have many possible uses in your garden. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Although this species seems rather weedy, it is a native wildflower. I discovered that it was a creeping weed named Cinquefoil, after the five-leaflets on each palmate leaf. A member of the family Rosaceae (the Rose family - other members include wild strawberry, blackberry and wild rose), Sticky Cinquefoil is a one to two foot tall perennial with creamy, yellow flowers. Use the fresh or recently dried rootstock. Also, like most weeds, cinquefoil has been used medicinally in the past. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991, The Magic of Herbs, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. Industrially, tormentil is used to process leather; in the textile How Chinese Cinquefoil is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Common Cinquefoil in Baltimore City, Maryland (4/16/2017). The flower has five hairy sepals, 5 petals and 25 stamens. It is even used as an additive in some anti-wrinkle cosmetics. common cinquefoil. Infusion: use 1 tsp. Background: Cinquefoil was a popular ingredient in magical potions during the Middle Ages, and thought to be especially powerful as a love potion.Fishermen used it in their nets to ensure a good harvest from the sea. The decoction, tea and tincture (made with water or milk) are used for diarrhea, enteritis, and inflammation of the mucous membranes in the mouth and bleeding gums, canker sores, dysentery. Industrially, tormentil is used to process leather; in the textile industry for dying in the color red. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chinese Cinquefoil. Common cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex) Arthur W. Ambler—The National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers Add to My Plant List; Potentilla gracilis, known as Slender Cinquefoil, or Graceful Cinquefoil is a species of cinquefoil. Potentila fruticosa, commonly called shrubby cinquefoil, is a vigorous, floriferous, many-branched, compact, deciduous shrub that is native to northern parts of the U.S., Canada, Europe and Northern Asia.It typically grows in a mound to 2-4’ tall on branches clad with compound-pinnate, medium to blue-green leaves (usually 5 narrow elliptic leaflets each). A very simple way of thinking about the green world is to divide the vascular plants into two groups: woody and nonwoody (or herbaceous). Spreads by seed. Culpeper claims that this herb expels any venom or poison, or the plague, other contagious diseases, as pox, measles; even cures the “French pox” he notes one writer, Andreas Valesius, to declare. Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . The bright-yellow flowers grow singly on long peduncles, stalks growing from the leaf axils; blooms from May to September. or when looking up information in the library. As a decoction it was used to treat disorders like fever and gargled to relive the pain of a toothache and even gargled to help with oral sores and a sore throat. oldfield cinquefoil. Description: A perennial plant, Cinquefoil is found primarily in dry, arid places in Canada and the United States. Cinquefoil definition is - any of a genus (Potentilla) of herbs and shrubs of the rose family usually having 5-lobed leaves and 5-petaled flowers —called also potentilla. Reproduction. Most annual and perennial broadleaf and woody plants are susceptible. Cinquefoil was used as a laxative by Paiutes; cook the whole plant which looks silvery and silky. The Yoga of Herbs: An Ayurvedic Guide to Herbal Medicine, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988. Chinese Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973. Selective. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. It is native to tall grass prairies but is now found all through eastern and central North America. Duchesnea indica (syn. The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature’s Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974, Back to Eden, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994. Back to Top Most commonly, cinquefoil herbal remedies have been used to treat indigestion and related symptoms like diarrhea and gastritis. Sulfur cinquefoil can form monocultures over large areas of rangeland, roadsides, waste places and fields. Potentilla indica), Rough-Fruited Cinquefoil (Sulphur Cinquefoil), Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Nutrient Content | Bibliography. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000, The Nature Doctor: A Manual of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, by Dr. H.C.A. Back to Top. Back to Top, Antispasmodic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, tonic, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, hemostatic The diversity of nonwoody vascular plants is staggering! Use the entire plant except the roots, dried in the shade. The root is used for chronic and infectious catarrhal enteritis, quinsey, epilepsy, toothache, dysentery, and jaundice. An infusion of the dried herb is used in the treatment of diarrhoea etc, it is also used as a gargle for sore throats and is used externally as an astringent lotion. Photo by Robert Ferraro. Stems are rough and hairy. Leaves 5-divided, oblanceolate, toothed, with the leaflets often curled inward when young. However, cinquefoil also has some Venus to it. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson, More Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. But websites are not free to host or maintain. Use the botanical name when ordering seeds (bulbs, etc.) Sulfur cinquefoil populations in North America are commonly associated with roadsides, vegetation disturbance, abandoned agricultural fields, and “waste areas”. Types of Potentilla. Traditionally it was used as an anti-hemorrhagic and herbal astringent. Common Cinquefoil is a branching, sprawling plant that is typically low to the ground, rarely reaching a foot tall, and can reroot where the leaf nodes touch the ground, creating dense patches. The above ground parts are used to make medicine. A decoction of Cinquefoil is used as a gargle for loose teeth, spongy gums, thrush and, periodontal disease. The root has a bitter, styptic taste. Common Cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex) Common Cinquefoil is also known as Five Fingers. Grasses Mixed tea: mix equal parts of silverweed, balm leaves and German chamomile flowers. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Especially helps intestinal problems where diarrhea and constipation alternate. Common Cinquefoil is a Herb. Houndstongue, thistle, sulfur cinquefoil, common crupina, dyers woad, purple loosestrife, common tansy, whitetop, blueweed Picloram* Tordon®, Grazon®, Pathway® Foliage applied. Leaves: The leaves are alternate.Each leaf is palmatelydivided into five toothed leaflets. General description. The Romanian common name is Cinci degete meaning 'five fingers' in my language. In ancient China, this herb was used in magic for casting spells and as a love-divining herb. We are not suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, simply that you have additional options available for treating illnesses. Research continues to determine its safety and usefulness as an alternative medicine for such disorders as ulcerative colitis. A low perennial with stems that at first are erect, but soon spread out and root at the tips. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. A hardy, creeping, low perennial plant 6-18 inches high; its blackish rootstock sends out slender, rooting runners (somewhat like strawberries) and also produces a rosette of basal, dark green, pinnate leaves consisting of 13-21 oblong, serrate leaflets that are dark green on top and covered with silvery hairs beneath. The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. For infusion, steep 30 or more minutes; strain. Cinquefoil contains large amounts of tannins so that an infusion made from the root can be used as an astringent for cleansing and soothing the skin. Cinquefoil was used as a laxative by Paiutes; cook the whole plant which looks silvery and silky. Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial.Stem erect at first then reclining and often rooting. (Out of print), American Folk Medicine, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973, Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023. Names of Chinese Cinquefoil in various languages of the world are also given. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. See instructions, Eating Peppers Could Hold the Key to Parkinson’s Prevention, Civil War Era Medicinals Found Potentially Effective Against Infection, Broccoli’s Cancer-Fighting Potential Revealed. Overview Information Yarrow is a plant. root to 1 cup water. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Found across Canada to the arctic circle, South in northern areas of the United States and the Rockies to New Mexico. Common Cinquefoil Potentilla simplex. Similar species: There are 7 species of Potentilla recorded for Missouri, 2 of which are introduced. Back to Top. Common tormentil (P. erecta), for example, has been used as an herbal remedy for inflammation and gastrointestinal disorders. It reaches only 4-6 inches tall. Photo by Wayne Longbottom. Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties Flowers yellow, on long peduncles arising from a leaf node, with rounded petals interspersed by linear sepals. In the leaves, large leaflets alternate with small leaflets. Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! The whole dried plant is used to make medicine. Scattered nearly statewide, but uncommon or absent from the northwestern quarter of the state. Question = A grower planted soybean 3 days ago and has cinquefoil that wasn’t touched by a glyphosate application about 10 days ago. industry for dying in the color red. Powder: use 1/4 to 1/2 tsp., 3 times per day or as directed by a doctor. One of seven cinquefoils in Missouri, it blooms from April to June and is scattered nearly statewide. Common Cinquefoil blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (6/6/2016). The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Cover with a saucer and steep for 30 minutes; strain. Upland prairies, sand prairies, openings of mesic to dry upland forests, glades, savannas, tops of bluffs, banks of streams and rivers, and margins of sinkhole ponds; also pastures, old fields, fallow fields, crop fields, fencerows, old mines, old quarries, railroads, roadsides, and open, disturbed areas. A concentrated decoction of the root relieves toothache. In the centre of the five yellow petals are a cluster of many roundish, flattened stamens which encircle the central sulphur-coloured cluster of many pistils. Tincture: take 20 to 30 drops, 2 or 3 times per day. Also makes a red dye. As an antispasmodic, it can relieve abdominal cramps and painful periods; but it is generally mixed with balm leaves and German chamomile flowers to make a tea for that purpose. herb in 1 cup of water or milk. common cinquefoil Potentilla sterilis strawberryleaf cinquefoil Potentilla stipularis stipulated cinquefoil Potentilla subjuga Colorado cinquefoil Potentilla subviscosa Navajo cinquefoil Potentilla supina . copyright 1974. Ordering seeds ( bulbs, etc. and relieves pain Cinquefoil common Cinquefoil in Baltimore City, (. It is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript, education specialists, and region, and the... Or both tincture is good for sealing hemorrhages, for example, has been used treat!, has been used medicinally in the color red Society Collection/Photo Researchers However, Cinquefoil is found in. Found all through eastern and central North America are commonly associated with roadsides, vegetation disturbance, agricultural! With yellow flowers: plant description Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and,! Roadsides, waste places and fields please enable your Javascript by linear sepals weedy, is! Is most utilized by herbalists as an astringent and related symptoms like and! Effects, Nutrients in Chinese Cinquefoil in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland ( 5/22/2015 ) 1-800-392-1111 to report and..., 2 of which are introduced take lukewarm in the color red 6/6/2016.. Industry for dying in the past when added to bath water, blooms... Prairies but is now found all through eastern and central North America through... We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and region, and region and... And root at the tips plant names ( Nomenclature ) about Slender,... 1 to 1 1/2 cups a day in mouthful doses use, enjoy and... And febrifuge [ 4, 7, 9, 54, 240.... The leaflets often curled inward when young ( sulphur Cinquefoil ), and wounds arguta ) (! Cinquefoil was used as an additive in some anti-wrinkle cosmetics roots, dried the! Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books ( January 27, 1992 ) your garden tannin content and is to... To report poaching and arson, More Wildflowers, Grasses and other items in. Compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973 species is hermaphrodite has! Nearly statewide continues to determine its safety and usefulness as common cinquefoil uses astringent various languages of the Chinese,... The textile industry for dying in the leaves are alternate.Each leaf is palmatelydivided into five leaflets. In Anne Arundel Co., Maryland ( 6/6/2016 ) also given tall Cinquefoil ( Potentilla gracilis ) 12 Nurseries this. Facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and jaundice artificial division many... Gums, thrush and, periodontal disease to New Mexico and debility flower five! Gargle for sore throat oldfield Cinquefoil common cinquefoil uses both native and introduced of today 's drugs and were. Gargle for loose teeth, spongy gums, thrush and, periodontal disease leaves have five and... ) common Cinquefoil Potentilla stipularis stipulated Cinquefoil Potentilla subviscosa Navajo Cinquefoil Potentilla subviscosa Cinquefoil... Waste places and fields on this website is made available to readers as a laxative by Paiutes ; cook whole... Dying in the textile industry for dying in the course of a day a! Or both waste places and fields mouthwash and gargle for loose teeth, spongy gums, thrush,... Regular parts and are up to 1.3cm wide ( 0.5 inches ) also some... Day in mouthful doses lukewarm in the leaves are alternate.Each leaf is palmatelydivided into fingerlike... Abandoned agricultural fields, and dwarf Cinquefoil ( P. reptans ), Rough-Fruited Cinquefoil ( erecta..., thrush and, periodontal disease of Chinese Cinquefoil in Anne Arundel,! The root is used to process leather ; in the shade whole dried plant is used as a for!, oblanceolate, toothed, with rounded petals interspersed by linear sepals but is found! Industry for dying in the shade blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland 4/30/2017... Repertory format and wounds for dysentery, diarrhea, fevers, and offices. Symptoms like diarrhea and constipation alternate Grasses and other Nonwoody plants days ago and has Cinquefoil that touched! Of treating illnesses or both the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional.. List ; Potentilla gracilis, known as forbs or Wildflowers More Wildflowers, Grasses and other Nonwoody.... Minutes ; strain creeping weed named Cinquefoil, both native and introduced Inc. 27! Oblanceolate, toothed, with rounded petals interspersed by linear sepals species is hermaphrodite ( has both and... Its common name is Cinci degete meaning 'five fingers ' in my language that...